Miramare Castle was conceived as the official residence of the Habsburg court; it was built in the present-day homonymous district of Trieste under the reign of Maximilian of Habsburg-Lorraine, archduke of Austria, who used it as its personal home. Subsequently, the castle became a historical museum, visited by more than 200,000 visitors every year.
Overlooking the Gulf of Trieste, it is located a few kilometers north of the city.
The name "Miramare" derives from the Spanish expression "mirar el mar", as Maximilian of Habsburg ordered the construction of this castle inspired by the memory of the Spanish ones overlooking the sea.
The castle is surrounded by a large park of about 22 hectares full of a great variety of plants, many of which were chosen by the archduke himself during his travels around the world as admiral. In the park there is also the so-called 'castelletto', a smaller building that served as a residence for Maximilian and his wife during the construction of the castle itself (and which later became a prison for Carlotta, who went mad after the killing of her husband).
In the Miramare castle we can still find the original furnishings of the period, an important testimony of the history of the archduke and his family. Inside, the castle is divided into many different rooms. The ground floor was the residence of Emperor Maximilian I and his wife Carlotta, the upper floor was instead reserved to guests.
Today in the castle, used as a museum, you can visit most of the rooms: particularly relevant, the music room and the room that reproduces a naval environment, as well as the room 19, where you can admire paintings by Cesare Dell’Acqua representing the history of the castle, and obviously the throne room, now used for concerts.