Tsarskoye Selo, Saint Petersburg

The State Museum-Reserve "Tsarskoe Selo" (GMZ "Tsarskoe Selo") - a brilliant monument of world architecture and landscape architecture XVIII - early XX century.

Magnificent constellation of architects, sculptors and painters embody here ideas of royal customers. In Tsarskoe Selo in its entirety presents a variety of artistic styles of the baroque (in the buildings of Rastrelli) and the classicism (in the buildings of Cameron, Stasov and others). The compositional center of the monument is the Catherine Palace - a magnificent building in the Russian baroque style. You will be delighted with the luxury furnishings of the Great Hall of the palace and the "golden suite" ceremonial halls, among them - the world-famous Amber Room which was reborn. Once in his room, you can feel the spirit of Elizabeth and Catherine eras, in part - the era of Emperor Alexander I. One of the best examples of the world classical architecture - The Alexander Palace.

Passing through the rooms of Emperor Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra in this palace, we can see the artistic taste of the last Romanovs, see the Grand Emperor's. On the territory of the Catherine and Alexander Parks with a total area of 300 hectares is located more than 100 architectural monuments: from magnificent palaces and monumental monuments to pavilions and bridges, numerous marble statues, exotic plants, executed in imitation of the Gothic, Turkish, Chinese architecture, which give an atmosphere of romantic.

The Tsarskoselskaya imperial residence - is not only the palaces, but also the surrounding parks. The principals are the Catherine's and the Alexander's. Catherine Park consists of two parts: the regular old garden with "English Garden". The old garden was situated on three terraces of the palace in the 1720 by gardeners Roozen and Vogt, at the same time on the third ledge appeared the glassy pond. In the middle of the XVIII century, the garden was extended, redesigned and decorated with sculptures. Designed by Rastrelli in the garden were built halls of the Hermitage "and" Grotto ", and beyond - Katalnaia Gora. Large pond located on the island Lustghaus acquired form a hexagon, and was encircled with alleys.

Catherine II hastened to reveal her garden to Europe, not only made in the newest taste, but also filled with monuments testifying to the greatness of her reign. Taste of the Empress - Enlightener and legislator declared Agate Rooms and Cameron Gallery, Concert Hall and other buildings. Construction of cast-iron Gothic gates and a series of metal bridges, has demonstrated a high level of development of Russian industry. Chinese and other pavilions, the Admiralty, and numerous pavilions are a reminder that the garden was created for pleasure and recreation.

Florstein (WikiPhotoSpace)/Wikimedia CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/deed.en
Florstein (WikiPhotoSpace)/Wikimedia CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/deed.en
Tsarskoye Selo, Russia
Tsarskoye Selo, Russia

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