Basilica di San Lorenzo Fuori le Mura is the pilgrimage church formed by two separate churches back to back.
The Basilica di San Lorenzo Fuori le Mura (St. Lawrence Outside the Walls) in the area of San Lorenzo is one of the seven important pilgrimage churches of Rome, and was built in honour of the Christian martyr San Lorenzo.
In fact, the present Basilica is a combination of two distinct churches. The first church dates back to the fourth century AD when Emperor Constantine commissioned the cemetery Campo Verano to honour the memory of the Christian martyrs. The second church that occupies the anterior part of the building, was built by Sixtus II and can be traced back to the fifth century. The apses of the two churches were later removed by Pope Honorius III and joined together.
The building is elegant with a functional structure that was made to meet the needs of passing pilgrims. It is decorated in cosmatesque style; glass mosaic in combination with marble, and presents lively frescoes from the 13th century that still are in good condition. A part from the Byzantine elements, a Romanesque bell tower was built on the southside of the church.
Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura
Piazzale del Verano 3, 3, 00185 Rome