The official capital of Scotland since the 15th-century, Edinburgh is brimming with culture and history. There’s a reason why Edinburgh is known as the Athens of the North, as the city’s medieval buildings in the Old Town give it a friendly rustic charm. The huge castle dominates the city’s skyline and gives you the chance to explore Edinburgh’s political and military history. Calton Hill is a must-visit too- the hike up the steep slope is definitely worth it for the views at the top. Edinburgh is also home to the National Museum of Scotland, where you’ll be able to follow the footsteps of some of the greatest Scottish thinkers and inventors of all time such as Adam Smith, David Hume and John Dunlop. What the city lacks in good weather it more than makes up for in festivals and celebrations, and if you find yourself in the city in August don’t miss the Fringe Festival where you can see a variety of dance, comedy and theatre performances.